Indlela yokuchonga iinconta ezincinci?

Indlela yokuchonga iinconta ezincinci?

  • Kodwa umbuzo wam ngu ... Ngesizathu esithile, umthetho uphuma kwinkumbulo yokuba isandi sombhalo uza kuthamba ukuba kukho ithambiso elithambileyo emva kwayo. Ndikhumbula le nto xa ndisiva igama ledolophu yam lithethwa: I-Perm. Kwaye bathi: pe r m! Njengoku, ngoko bafunda indibaniselwano ye-quot; pquot; kunye & quot; . Kwaye kubonakala kum ukuba isimelabizo: i-m iyahambelana nemithetho yolwimi lwaseRussia, kwaye ayisiyiyo kuphela intetho ebekiweyo, eyaziwa ngabantu bendawo kuphela

  • Iikhonsonenti H, U, Y, kunye nakwiikhonsonitha emi phambi konkamisa I, Y, E, Z, bahlala bethambile.

  • Nali igama lesixeko: I-PERM ibizwe njenge-r r m, kodwa abaninzi abaqala ukuva malunga nePerm yakhankanywa i-PE R M. ngesizathu esithile, umthetho uphakama entlokweni yam ukuba ikhonco ithambile ukuba kukho ikhonsonitha ethambileyo emva kwayo. Kwaye ukuba ubizo oluchanekileyo lwe-Perm aluphuhliswanga ngokwembali, abathi abantu bendawo bazi ngayo, kodwa bahlangabezana nemithetho yolwimi lwaseRussia, ekufuneka wonke umntu ayazi ngalo. Ngaba kunjalo?

  • Ukuthamba kwekhonkrithi ngesiRashiya kuboniswa luphawu oluthambileyo. Umzekelo, i-den, mal-chik.

    Ukuthamba kwekhonsonithi kuhlala kuboniswa iikhonkrithi E, Yu, mna, Kwaye, emi emva kwekhonsonanti. Umzekelo, ubushushu, umhla, UNCLE.

    Izandi H, Y, U zihlala zithambile, azinaso isibini esiqinileyo.

    Kuyimfuneko ukujongisisa indibaniselwano yeekhonsoniyitha ezithile, kuba iiconsonants zinokuthanjiswa phantsi kwempembelelo yezandi ezithambileyo ezilandelayo. Umzekelo, bantik, n-uthambileyo phantsi kwempembelelo kaT.

  • Kuyimfuneko ukwakha phezu kwento yokuba kwi-Russian yonke i-vowels yahlulahlulwe kwaye ithambile.

    Izikhamiso ezithambileyo - E, mna, mna, Yu

    Izikhamiso eziqinileyo-A, O, U, S, E

    Zonke iikhonsonali ezijongise izikhamiso ezithambileyo ziya kuthamba - RI, PY, PI, ME, LE

    Zonke iikhonsonali ezijolise kwizikhonkwane eziqinileyo ziya kuba ziqinile-RA, RO, PU, ​​WE, ME

    B ihlala ithoba ikhonkrithi.

  • Kwisi-Russian, iiconsonants ezintathu ezithambileyo zihlala zihlala ziH, U, Y. Zonke ezinye iikhonsonitha zinokuthanjiswa ngeenkozo ezithile, i.e. Ukuba emva kwazo kuza i-vels eyi-I, Yu, I, E, kunyeophawu oluthambileyo.

    Umzekelo, kwigama elithi rose, isandi sic; pquot; eqinile, kwaye kwigama elithi Riesa, ithambile.

  • Ukubonisa Iiconsonants ezithambileyo kwigama, kwaye umsebenzi onjalo unikezelwa kuvavanyo malunga nolwimi lwaseRussia (quot; Chaza amagama ngayo yonke i-consonantsquot ethambileyo;), kufuneka ulahle izandi ezinzima rhoqo ж, ш, ц, umzekelo:

    kwilizwi ginseng, ngaphandle kokuthamba okucacileyo (ubukho boonobumba u-qu; i-equot; kunye ne-qu; ququot;) ngokwenene kukho izandi ezibini eziqinileyo. Eli gama alifanelekanga njengempendulo echanekileyo.

    Kwakhona khumbula izandi ezihlala zithambile: ч, щ, й.

    Kwaye zonke ezinye iiconsonants zinokuba zithambile okanye zibe nzima. Bazithambisa ngoko nangoko ukuba kukho iileta emva kwabo: е,, ю, я, и, ьumzekelo:

    laнb sмewe рityhefu лн, люлbitch лisa koрb.

    Kwaye ngamanye amaxesha, ngaphandle kokungabikho kophawu oluthambileyo emva kwekhonsoniyitha, zonke izandi ezikuzo zithambile ngenxa yokunxibelelana kwezandi phakathi kwabo, xa isandi esinye esithambileyo sithambisa eyangaphambili. Le nto yefonetiki ibizwa ukunyanzelwa kokuthambaKwigama elithi, i-bab; Kodwa emva kokumamela isandi sayo, siya kuva oku:

    ebusuku, oko kukuthi, zonke izandi zithambile.

  • Ndifuna ukushwankathela iimpendulo ezilapha ngasentla. Kulwimi lwaseRussia kukho amakhonsathi ahlala enzima (W, W, C), ahlala ethambile (W, W, Y), okuseleyo kunokuba nzima kwaye kuthambile, kuxhomekeka ekubeni ziziphi izandi zabo; ; ngasekunene.

    • Ukuba kukho ikhomishini eqinileyo emva kwekhonkrithi, ke isandi esigqityiweyo (esiqinisekileyo ukuba ukuthathwa akuthathelwa ngqalelo xa izandi zifaniswa kunye)
    • kukho okwahlukileyo kulo mhlathi: unobumba u-H uthambile phambi kwesoft D, T kunye nezandi H, U; kwaye ngokuchaseneyo, u-D, T uyanyibilika ngaphambi koonobumba u-N. Kwakhona, u-Z, C uthambile phambi ko-D, N, T.
    • Ukuba kukho unkqonkqo emva kwekhonsonanti, ubunzima kunye nokuthamba kugqitywa zezi zandi
    • I-softens conconants kunye nophawu oluthambileyo (umsebenzi wayo wesibini kukwahlula izandi).
  • Ngendlela yokukhuphela ngaphandle, sihlala sisusa u-w, w, u-c oqinile.

    Thambile kuphela, h, n.

    Chonga ukuthamba kwe soglsana ngesonkamisa esilandelayo. Umzekelo, kwigama elithi quot; тирquot; ithontshi ethambileyo (t), nakwigama elithi; - ikhonsonitha eqinileyo (k).

    ukuba iikhonsonanti ziphambi kweekhonkrithi I, E, mna, uYu kunye nophawu oluthambileyo, emva koko iiconson ezithambileyo.

    Jonga itafile. Ukwenza abantwana bakukhumbule ngokulula, sibonisa ii-Commanders ezithambileyo nezilukhuni.

  • Ukuphendula lo msebenzi, sikhumbula iminyaka yesikolo kunye nezifundo zolwimi olukhulu lwaseRussia. Ngolwimi, ukuthambisa kwamakhonsathi xa kusenziwa isimelabizo kuthiwa sisenzakaliso, ezi zandi ziphakama ngokwenyusa icandelo eliphakathi lolwimi ezulwini. Kwaye ezi konsonanti zichazwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

    Ukuba izikhamiso ezilandelayo zibekwe emva kwekhonson: E ,, I, Yu, Y.

    Okanye uphawu lwe-b oluthambileyo.

    Kwakhona, oku kulandelayo kuhlala kuthambile: Y, H, S.

  • Emva kwempendulo emangalisa kakhulu ka-Aleksandire, ukubhala into kuya kuba kungalunganga.

    Ke, ndongeza enye kuphela.

    Oku kubakho kwezi konsonanti ezinzima kunye nezithambileyo kulwimi lwaseRussia, okanye endaweni yoko isidingo sokuzibiza kuxhomekeka kubukho bezikhamiso ezithile emva kweleta enye, sisikhubekiso kubaphambukeli abafunda ulwimi lwaseRussia.

    Ngomdibaniso we-conconant no-e, y, i, kunye- kunye nokuvalwa.

    Kwimeko ebalaseleyo, bafumana la magama: quot; Tan-yaquot; okanye & quot; Tanyayaquot; Oku sele kudlulile. Yinto nje; babiza ngokulula.

    Nangona uphawu oluthambileyo luyingxaki kwabanye.

    Ndiyayithanda ihlaya yakudala malunga ne-qu; bulka, ibhotile kunye nomnwe, ijeli, isilwanyana esanyisayo kunye ne-gizelquot ;.

  • Kutshanje, bekufundwe isifundo nomntwana kwimfundo yaphambi kwesikolo. Baze bazoba iischematics apho, iiconsonants ezithambileyo eziluhlaza, kunye nekhonsonitha enzima eluhlaza.

    Apha babenomthetho onje:

    Oko kukuthi, kukho iiconsonants eziya kuhlala ziqinile, zezi: F, C noW.

    Kwaye kukho iiconsonants eziya kuhlala zithambile, zezi: Y, H kunye no-S.

    Kwaye okuseleyo kuxhomekeke kwisikhamiso esime emva nangexesha elithi; i-bquot ;.

  • Iiconsonants ezithambileyo zibizwa ngokwesayensi Enobungangamsha.

    Ekuqulunqweni kweekhonsonsi ezithambileyo, ukongeza kwi-main expression, inxaxheba ye-Nba eqinileyo yongezwa. Kwi-Latin quot; nboquot eqinileyo; iya kuba sisidenge, ngenxa yoko igama elithi;; Imeko yokunciphisa ibizwa ngokuba yi-quot; palatalizationquot ;.

    Ungayifumana njani into yokuba ithambile kwaye yeyiphi enzima?

    Njengoko uyazi, iiconsonants Ch, Sch, Y zihlala zithambile ngesiRashiya.

    Ngamanye amaxesha, ikhonsonitha ethambileyo inokugqitywa kwileta elandelayo.

    Ngokwesiqhelo, ikonsonanti iya kuthetha ikhonco ethambileyo ukuba ilandelwa yenye yezi leta zintandathu zilandelayo: Ewe, kwaye, Yu, mna, b.

    imizekelo:

    ihlathi (L lithambile), i-ps (P ithambile), iintlobo (B ezithambileyo), ukubabaza (P ezithambileyo), ipeppermint (M uthambile), ihashe (H uthambile).

    Kodwa kufuneka ulumke:

    1) I-Consonants W, W, C zihlala ziqinile! Abasokuze bathambe, nditsho nangaphambi kokuba mna okanye uE.

    2) Ngamanye amagama aphesheya, iiconsonants ngaphambi kweleta E azithambisi. Ngelishwa, akukho mthetho uwonkewonke oya kulo mbandela. Umzekelo, I-TEXT iyabhengezwa, kodwa TEST, TEMP; Isidenge, nangona kunjalo sothukile; NERV, nangona kunjalo, vonEm. Ke apha kufuneka ugaxekile kwaye ukhumbule onke amagama.

    I-3) Ukuba emva kwekhonsonanti kukho ikhonsonitha ethambileyo, emva koko ikhonsonathi yangaphambili ingathambisa, kodwa ingahlala iqinile. Le mithetho ilandelayo inokwenziwa:

    a) ikhonsonithi H iyathambisa ngaphambi kokuba ithambile T, D: isaphetha, iphine. Ukongeza, unobumba u-H uhlala ethambisa phambi kwe-H, U: ulamula, ubuhlanga.

    b) Iikhonsoniyitha T, D zithambile ngaphambi kokuba zithambe H: umsebenzi, umkhweli.

    c) Iikhonsonitha З, zithambile phambi kweTob, Д, Н bridge: ibhulorho, ivili, iingoma kunye nengxabano. (Phambi kwezinye iikhonkco ezithambileyo, oonobumba u-C no-Z abanyibilikisi! Ukuhleka C kunzima, ukujonga ngamehlo kunzima.)

    Ngamanye amaxesha, iiconsonants kwamanye amakhonsonanti zihlala ziqinile.

Ukulayisha ...

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