Ubani owawulawula i-USSR, kwimeko yintoni na kwiminyaka emingakanani?

Ubani owawulawula i-USSR, kwimeko yintoni na kwiminyaka emingakanani?

  • Umgaqo we-USSR awona manani maninzi embali-uninzi lwazo lwaluphethe amandla iminyaka emininzi. Ngokukodwa uJoseph Stalin, uNikita Khrushchev, uLeonid Brezhnev. Emva koko ulawulo lwaluzinzile, aluzange lutshintshe iminyaka.

    Bonke abalawuli ngonyaka bavezwa ngezantsi:

  • E-USSR, imigaqo ayinabo abaninzi abaongameli, kodwa zonke zizaliswe kakuhle.

    Ngoko ke, ndinika uluhlu lwabaongameli ngokulandelelana kwexesha:

    1) UVladimir Ilyich Lenin (1917 - 1924);

    2) UJoseph Vissarionovich Stalin (1922 - 1952);

    3) UNikita Sergeevich Khrushchev (1953 - 1964);

    4) U-Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (1964 - 1982);

    5) uYuri Vladimirovich Andropov (1982 - 1984);

    Kwakungabikho abalawuli.

  • Umlawuli wokuqala wase-USSR wayedumile V.I. ULenin. Wabusa i-USSR 1917 iminyaka kwaye 1924 ngonyaka

    Umlawuli wesibini we-USSR I.V. Stalin. Wabusa i-USSR 1924 iminyaka kwaye 1953 ngonyaka

    Umlawuli wesithathu we-USSR Gm Malenkov. Wabusa i-USSR 1953 iminyaka nangaphezulu 1955 ngonyaka

    Umlawuli wesine wase-USSR N.S. Khrushchev. Wabusa i-USSR 1953 minyaka 1964 ngonyaka

    Umlawuli wesihlanu we-USSR L.I. Brezhnev. Wabusa i-USSR 1964 iminyaka kwaye 1982 ngonyaka

    Umlawuli wesithandathu we-USSR Yu.V. Andropov. Wa lawula ilizwe 1982 minyaka 1984 ngonyaka

    Umlawuli wesixhenxe we-USSR K.U. Chernenko. Wayelawula ilizwe 1984 nyaka kunye 1985 ngonyaka

    Umlawuli wokugqibela wase-USSR M.S.Gorbachev. Wa lawula ilizwe 1985 nyaka nangaphambi kokuwa kwe-USSR 1991 ngonyaka.

  • Owokuqala nguVladimir Lenin, njengokhokho wase-USSR kunye nayo yonke i-communism, walawula kunye;

    Emva koko umbuso wabuswa iminyaka emininzi nguJoseph Stalin, ulawulo lwakhe lwaluhlala;

    Ukumlandela, uGeorge Malenkov wachitha ixesha elifutshane, owathi, ngaphantsi kweempembelelo zikaKhrushchev, wasuswa, wathi Khrushchev wayegxeke iqela elite kunye nomvuzo kwiimvulophu;

    Kwaye kwaqondakala ukuba uNikita Khrushchev ngokwakhe waqala ukubusa, owakhe izindlu ezincinci kunye nommbila;

    Ixesha lohlahlo lwezoqoqosho kunye nomthetho we-Lionid Brezhnev beza kuvuka kwabo, nangona kweso sigxina, abantu babevuya kwaye bakhumbula ngeli xesha nge-nostalgia ethile.

    Emva koko uAndropov weza, xa zonke izibhedlele zafunyanwa kunye nolawulo luka-Yuri Andropov, emva koko waqanjwa ngamagama;

    Yatshintshwa nguConstantin Chernenko, owayengumdala kwaye egula, kwaye ukusuka apho wayesesigxina ixesha elifutshane waza wafa.

    Kwaye ekugqibeleni, inkokheli encinci kunazo zonke kwaye iphilise kakhulu ukuhlaselwa kwe-USSR, ngokuqinisekileyo, nguMikhail Gorbachev;

  • Ulawulo lwaseSoviet lwaqala 1917 wonyaka, uVladimir Ilyich Lenin, eyadlulayo kwada kwaphela unyaka we-1924.

    Ukuqala ukusuka I-1924, i-USSR yayiholwa nguStalin I.V.

    kwi-1953, emva kokufa kukaStalin, waqala ukulawula Khrushchev Nikita Sergeevich, imigaqo yobukumkani bakhe 1953-1964.

    Ixesha elilandelayo leSoviet Union lithetha Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev - 1964 - 1982

    Ibhodi yenkokeli elandelayo ayizange ihlale ixesha elide; Yu.V. Andropov - 1982-1984 Ngonyaka ozayo wangena K.U. EChernenko - 1984-1985

    Ewe, owokugqibela olawula i-USSR M.S. IGorbachev - 1985 - 1991.

  • Kumaxesha Soviet iinkokeli baphiwa phantse lonke wooNobhala-Jikelele Communist Party. Kwaye kwamkelwa. Kukho inkqubo yeqela elilodwa kwilizwe kwaye kubonakala kunengqiqo. Ubaluleka obubalulekileyo buqhotyoshelwe kwiingcamango. Nangona kukho ukuba kukho iiphathiswa zeNdunankulu, onke amandla ayesandleni seenkokheli zeqela.

  • Umlawuli wokuqala we-USSR yayinguVladimir Ilyich Lenin, owaziwa kakhulu kubo bonke - ulawulo lwakhe lwaqalwa ngo-1917 ukuya ku-1924.

    Umlawuli olandelayo yayinguStalin Joseph Vissarionovich - ulawulo lwakhe lwahlala ukusuka ngo-1924 ukuya ku-1953.

    Ngaphezu koko, ulawulo eli lizwe kwisithuba seenyanga ezintandathu waba ezandleni Malenkova.

    Emva koko uNikita Sergeevich Khrushchev wangena kumandla kwaye ulawulo lwakhe lwada lwada lwada lwada lwada lwada kwaze kwaba yi-1964 yaloo nyaka.

    Kwaye uBrezhnev wenyuka waya emandleni, walawula de kube ngumnyaka we-1982-th.

    Kodwa emva kwabalawuli abade kwakungekho-Andropov walawula, emva koko yiChernenko kwade kwangowe-1985.

    Kwaye sele sele ivela kwi-1985, waba nguMlawuli we-Gorbachv nangaphambi kokuwa kwe-USSR.

  • Kwi-USSR, kwagqitywa ekubeni kulawulwe ilizwe. Inkokeli yokuqala ye-proletariat kunye nomsunguli we-USSR yayinguV.I. Lenin ukusuka ngo-1917 ukuya ku-1924. Ukuza kuthi ga namhlanje, akukaze kungenelelwe. Okulandelayo mhlawumbi yeyona ikhohlakele kakhulu kodwa enye yezona zinto zidumileyo zezabo. I-St. Ngo-1922-1952, waphumelela iMfazwe yesibini yeHlabathi. Okulandelayo kukuthanda ingqolowa kunye namagumbi amancinci. I-N.S. Khrushchev 1953-1964. L.I. Brezhnev ukusuka ngo-1964-1982. Amaxesha okugungqa, kodwa ngenxa yesizathu esithile wonke umntu wayevuya. Yu.V. Andropov 1982-1984, ndizamile ukwenza ukuba abantu basebenze. K.U. I-Chernenko 1984-1985 yayingenalo ixesha lokwenza nantoni na. Kwaye umongameli wokugqibela, u-M.S. Gorbachev, 1985-1991. Idume ngomthetho wayo owomileyo kunye nokuwa kwe-USSR.

  • I-USSR yayisesinye sezona republic zibalulekileyo emhlabeni. Uluhlu lweenkokeli ze-USSR: 1) UVladimir Ilyich Lenin (nge-8 kaNovemba 1917 kaJanuwari, 21) .. 1924) UJoseph Vissarionovich Stalin (Januwari 2, 21 kaMatshi 1924, 5) .. 1953) UGeorgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov (Matshi 3, 5 ngoFebruwari 1953, 8) .. 1955 ) UNikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Nge-4 kaSeptemba ngo-7 ngo-Okthobha 1953, 14) .. 1964) Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Epreli 5, 8 Novemba 1966, 10) .. 1982) Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (Novemba 6, 12 ngoFebruwari 1982, 9) .. 1984) Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko ( Nge-7 kaFebruwari ngo-13 ngo-Matshi 1984, 10) .. 1985) UMikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Ngomhla we-8 kaMatshi ngo-14 kuDisemba 1990, 25).

  • U-Samyi umlawuli wokuqala we-USSR yayinguVladimir Ilyich Lenin, wayenesikhundla sika-Sihlalo we-Council of Commissars yabantu. Walawula kangangexesha elithile- ukusuka kwi-Oktobha Revolution ka-1917 ukuya kuJanuwari ngo-1924.

    Ukuba alawule eli lizwe waqalisa uJoseph Stalin. Wayesesikhundleni soNobhala Jikelele (uNobhala Jikelele) weKomiti ePhambili yeCPSU (b), waza wabusa kwada kwafa kwakhe 5 Matshi 1953, oko kukuthi, iminyaka engaphezulu kwe-29 iminyaka.

    Emva kokubhubha kukaStalin, malunga nesiqingatha sonyaka, ilizwe lalilawulwa ngu-Sihlalo weBhunga labaPhathiswa uG.M. Malenkov, kwada kwaqeshwa owokuQala, nasemva kuka-Nobhala-Jikelele, u-Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, owayelawula de kwaba ngu-Okthobha ngo-1964, kangangeminyaka eli-11.

    Emva kokufa kukaKhrushchev, uLeonid Ilyich Brezhnev waba neofisi, owawulawula kude kube ngo-Novemba 1982 wonyaka, malunga ne-8 iminyaka.

    Ngokubhekele phaya, ngokufutshane-ixesha elingangonyaka elincinci-isikhundla sikaNobhala Jikelele behlala uYu.V. Andropov kunye K.U. EChernenko, emva koko, ngoMatshi 1985, M.S. UGorbachev, owathi ngo-1991 waba nguMongameli wase-USSR, kwathi ngoDisemba 25, 1991 warhoxa, kwaye ngoDisemba 26, 1991 iUSSR yaphela.

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